In studying Nature, I felt the need to discover the best manner in which to view the Universe. The manner in which humans view the Universe will have a lot to say about the way we view ourselves, our values and beliefs, and our higher need for meaning. Geocentric Model – Egyptian astronomer Claudius Ptolemy (2nd Cent AD), in his great astronomical work the Great Treatise (Almaquest), proposed a model where the earth (geo) is the center of the Universe and everything else revolves around it. Ptolemy considered the Universe to be geocentric (Earth-centered). Humans, with our egocentric traits liked being the center of the Universe, and we carried this belief for a long time. Astonishingly —-> some still believe it! Heliocentric Model – German Renaissance mathematician and astronomer Nicholaus Copernicus just couldn’t accept the geocentric model. Copernicus theorized that the Sun (helios) is the center of our solar system and the planets revolve (wander) around it. The early Greeks felt the planets were like lights in the sky. Copernicus considered the Universe to be heliocentric (Sun-centered). Intellectually human understanding moves from geocentric to heliocentric. Deflating for some egos, but Planet Earth is not the center of the Universe. Actually, it is not even the center of the Milky Way Galaxy or even our own solar system. The Copernican Revolution has had a profound blow to the way we humans look at ourselves, and I suggest delivered a major blow to the proponents of a supernatural worldview of the Universe. …
Cosmos is a Greek name for Universe (Kosmos GK = order). Cosmology is the scientific study of the entire Universe. I maintain that we humans are connected to the Cosmos —> we are creatures of the Universe. In the Theory of Balanceology, I make a case that we are a species that is biologically, psychologically, emotionally, and spiritually linked to the Cosmos. Cosmology is the study and story of energy, matter, space, time, and everything that exists in the Universe including humans. In my naturalistic worldview, I use the terms Universe and the Cosmos interchangeably. The Universe we live in is dynamic, evolving, and orderly —-> after the initial explosion order sets in. Our Universe is all of the energy-matter that has ever existed in space-time. This includes all of the galaxies and intergalactic space. Our Universe is HUGE with astronomers theorizing that there are 140 Billion galaxies in the known Universe. These 140 Billion galaxies contain a transfinite number of 300 sextillion stars (cardinal # = 1021). A typical star is metaphorically equivalent to an extremely huge furnace burning billions and billions of pounds of matter, reaching temperatures of millions and millions degrees, and ends up producing fuel. Carl Sagan theorized that the stars probably have “10 billion trillion” (1980) planets revolving around them. How does one even begin to grasp such numbers? Pascal maintained, “the entire universe is only an imperceptible speck in the ample bosom of nature. No idea can come close to imaging it.” (1669)
The Big Bang is time zero. After the initial atomic fireball explosion there was chaos. Chaos was at a maximum <–> order was at a minimum. Energy density at time zero was immense. As this prodigious energy drops, the Universe starts to expand at a rapid rate. After the initial chaos, order gradually sets in. As order is established, time and space are set in motion. Our Universe was born in extreme heat and has been gradually cooling off for billions of years. Within 379,000 years after the Big Bang the Universe is cooling and congealing enough to form galaxies, stars, and planets. During this early time atoms are starting to form. I realize no theory is perfect. In fact, this theory has some major shortcomings. In the case of the Big Bang I ask the scientific, philosophical and religious questions related to “What was before the Big Bang?,” and “Was there a Big Banger?” Is Immanuel Kant right when he maintains in First Antimony, “that which causes all effects cannot itself have a cause?” I agree this theory has shortcomings, yet I also agree with the majority of scientists that the Universe, the Cosmos, Nature’s initial beginnings came from the Big Bang. I insist that makes for a nature-made First Cause. In future posts I will fastidiously address important concepts and issues related to Nature and human nature. I will proclaim and indicate how I view these concepts and issues fitting into my naturalistic balanceological worldview and paradigm.
The nature-based Theory of Balanceology starts with the primordial atom – Believe it or not but once upon a time, time didn’t exist! What is theorized to have existed was this super hot and ultra dense neutron ball. Monsignor George Lemaitre talked in terms of an initial ball he called the “cosmic egg.” In 1846, he wrote about this incipient cosmic egg in L’ Hypotheses del’ Atome Primitif (Primeval Atom Hypotheses). The First Cause of the Universe most widely accepted by scientists is the Big Bang Theory. The Big Bang is a time of immense compression and enormous temperature. It is a Cosmic Story that presents a metaphor to conceptualize how everything began. According to this theory, a volatilizable primordial atom (cosmic egg), the size of a dime, violently exploded 13,700,000,000 years ago creating a colossal nature-based Universe of energy, matter, space, and time. It was the most massive fulmination ever. The Big Bang amounts to a nearly infinite energy density of extreme hyper-acceleration and super-radioactivity from the primordial atom. Within .000000000001 of a second 4 fundamental immutable forces came into existence: 1.) gravity of attraction, 2.) electromagnetic electric charges and electric current, 3.) a strong nuclei of atoms, and 4.) a weak nuclei in control of radioactive decay.
I introduce this post by asking, “When did time begin?,” and “How did the Universe begin?” According to Rabbi Moses Maimonides and Thomas Aquinas God was the First Cause ——> a supernatural being created a natural Universe ex nihilo ——> “out of nothing.” Archbishop James Ussher actually pinpointed the creation of the Universe as Sunday, Oct. 23, 4004 BC; amazingly a date some still believe. “In the beginning God created Heaven and Earth, Genesis 1, v. 1. Which beginning of time, according to our chronology, fell upon the entrance of the night preceding the twenty third day of October in the year of the Julian Period 710. The year before Christ 4004.” (James Ussher, 17th Cent) Modern creationism attempts to make biblical Genesis an historical and literal account of creation. However, this supernatural worldview explanation no longer resonates with me intuitively, emotionally, cognitively, or spiritually. I point out that this supernatural worldview ignores a massive scientific fossil record and geologic strata going back millions and billions of years. In the Theory of Balanceology I will explore, detail, and steadfastly advocate for a worldview of creation. I will embrace, champion, promote, and present a naturalistic worldview of creation.
This post introduces my journey into Nature and human nature. Importantly, in constructing my worldview I drew on information from an amazing story concerning the mystery of creation, the story of existence, the birth of the Universe -> an ab initio epic story. Actually, it is the nascent birth that finally leads to us humans. I am referring to the birth of energy-matter and space-time. For Ken Keyes, “everything is a gift of the Universe.” I view our Earth, our home as an enormous gift of the Cosmos. Everything related to the creation of the Universe and Nature are exciting and enticing topics for me. The aim of this post is to introduce the concept of Nature and its vital importance in defining my worldview and in constructing the Theory of Balanceology. This introductory post sets a naturalistic framework for what is to come, and in posts to come I will frequently revert back to this nature-based infrastructure.