Any attempt to understand Nature or the natural world has to understand atoms.  In building my nature-based Theory of Balanceology,  I had to take into consideration the atomic world.   Atoms are those mysterious and extremely small particles having a typical diameter of 0.00000008 centimeters. It is impossible for me to perceive of something that size. The ubiquitous atom! Everything is made of atoms and atoms are   mostly empty space. A void of space is the common denominator for all matter. A typical atom is 99.9999999 % empty space. Atomic solidification is an illusion because atoms are really empty space with infinitesimally small particles of matter moving in that space, and by definition that makes us humans mainly vacuous space. If we take an ultra-microscope and magnify, magnify, magnify an atom we discover little matter in this atomic micro world. Instead we will find more of a void of pulsating energy. Thus, atoms have sub-nuclear particles that are really energy. In 1938 Germany, an atom was split for the first time releasing 200,000,000 volts of pulsating electrical energy.

Democritus‘ vision of the uncuttable particle is wrong. For these incredibly small particles of empty space are indeed cuttable. Atoms have three elementary particles: 1.) a proton with a (+) electrical charge, 2.) an electron  with a (-) electrical charge, and 3.) a neutron with no electrical charge. Atoms for the most part are empty space where electrons go around a nucleus of protons and neutrons. The nucleus is the core of an atom with protons and neutrons being packed into the nucleus. Electrons circle the nucleus. It is the combination of atoms that make molecules —> a molecule of water (H2 O) is 2 atoms of hydrogen plus 1 atom of oxygen.