Cosmic Models

In studying Nature, I felt the need to discover the best manner in which to view the Universe.  The manner in which humans view the Universe will have a lot to say about the way we view ourselves, our values and beliefs, and our higher need for meaning.

Geocentric Model – Egyptian astronomer Claudius Ptolemy (2nd Cent AD), in his great astronomical work the Great Treatise (Almaquest), proposed a model where the earth (geo) is the center of the Universe and everything else revolves around it. Ptolemy considered the Universe to be geocentric (Earth-centered). Humans, with our egocentric traits liked being the center of the Universe, and we carried this belief for a long time. Astonishingly —-> some still believe it!

Earth image

Heliocentric Model – German Renaissance mathematician and astronomer Nicholaus Copernicus just couldn’t accept the geocentric model. Copernicus theorized that the Sun (helios) is the center of our solar system and the planets revolve (wander) around it. The early Greeks felt the planets were like lights in the sky. Copernicus considered the Universe to be heliocentric (Sun-centered). Intellectually human understanding moves from geocentric to heliocentric. Deflating for some egos, but Planet Earth is not the center of the Universe. Actually, it is not even the center of the Milky Way Galaxy or even our own solar system. The Copernican Revolution has had a profound blow to the way we humans look at ourselves, and I suggest delivered a major blow to the proponents of a supernatural worldview of the Universe. The Heliocentric Model places the Earth, and humans as being enmeshed in the natural patterns and order of the Universe, and this impartation is vital for the Theory of Balanceology.

Image of the Sun


“At rest, however, in the middle of everything is the Sun. For, in this most beautiful temple, who would place this lamp in  another or better position than that from which it can light up the whole thing at the same time.”  (Copernicus, 16th Cent)